On 5 December 2006, the IICCR released its first yearbook, entitled Why communism must be condemned. The official release of the volume took place at New Europe College in Bucharest. The series opened by this first volume has the purpose to respond the title-question by means of offering an institutional analysis of the communist regime, a description of the political police activities and the identification of the abuses and crimes perpetrated in the name of “class struggle” as well as the identification of the persons who may be held responsible.

The volume consists of articles referring to the functioning of the repressive bodies of the communist state, to the repressive legislation of the time and to the case studies which illustrate, on one hand, the relationship between the Party and the Securitate, and the characteristics of the various social groups subjected to repression, on the other.