Wednesday, November 25, 2015, at the High Court of Cassation and Justice, a new term in the trial of appeal in the case of the former Commander of the Râmnicu Sărat prison, Alexander Vişinescu, who was sentenced on July 24th, 2015 by the Romanian Court of Appeal to 20 years in prison for crimes against humanity.

In the indictment the prosecutors of the Court of Appeal pointed out that, during the period 1956-1963, Alexander Vişinescu, as acting Commander of Râmnicu Sărat Prison has committed systematic actions and inactions, which resulted in the persecution of the community represented by the political prisoners detained in this prison, through deprivation or serious restriction of their fundamental human rights.

In April 2013, the IICCMRE announced that it had identified numerous facts with possible consequences of criminal acts committed by former employees of the General Directorate of penitentiaries during the exercise of his functions in the period 1950-1964, including Lt.-Col. (r) Vişinescu Alexandru.

On July 30, 2013, IICCMRE asked the Public Prosecutor’s Office to initiate criminal proceedings against former commander of Râmnicu Sărat prison for first degree murder. On 3 September 2013, the High Court of Cassation and Justice announces the initiation of the criminal proceedings against former commander of Râmnicu Sărat prison for the crime of genocide, having subjected the community of political prisoners to an extermination regime, which for some of them resulted in death.

Lt.-Col. (r) Alexandru Vişinescu was sent to Court on June 18, 2014 the Commission of crimes against humanity.

The former commander of the former labor colony from Periprava, colonel (r) Ioan Ficior is also currently under trial. Ficior was sent to trial on August 18, 2014 for crimes against humanity. The next term is set for December 10, 2015, 10.30.

According to its legal framework, the Institute is authorized to carry out scientific investigations regarding the crimes, abuses and human rights infringement during the whole communist regime and to alert the competent authorities.

For more information, please contact us at or phone + 40 21 316 7565.